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General anesthesia is used for more painful procedures, such as spaying or neutering, mass removals, fractures, emergency surgeries, laceration repairs or abdominal masses.
In this state, your pet is unconsciousness and unable to respond to stimuli.
“A vet simply can’t do a proper job if the animal is able to move or if they could possibly chew on a tube.
The only way an animal will tolerate a breathing tube is if they’re unconscious,” she said.
“The drugs may hang around longer if there’s no fat for it to go to [creating a more profound effect on the heart]. Their blood pressure decreases under anesthesia and their metabolic rate is less.
It’s important to keep them warm during the procedure,” Kushner said.
Due to the shape of their faces and shorter noses, brachycephalic breeds, like Pekingese, Boston Terriers and Pugs as well as Himalayan and Persian cats, can be more difficult to sedate or anesthetize.
“Cats have smaller surface body areas so they get colder faster than dogs.We have to be especially careful with how older pets are positioned during surgery to help protect their joints especially if they suffer from arthritis,” Hopkins said.As with all animals, senior pets should be prepared for anesthesia by having baseline blood work done before surgery so your veterinarian can identify any underlying problems and prepare for them.The difficulty with dogs is they’re generally bigger so we have to restrain them more.
Moving, positioning and ventilating them can be challenging,” Hopkins said.“The more painful the procedure, the deeper the anesthesia [required].